What You Need to Know About Dry Mouth

Everyone has experienced dry mouth before, but what do you do when you’ve experienced for more than just a few hours at a time? We’ve compiled everything you need to know about dry mouth and how you can get the help you need to treat it. 


What causes dry mouth?

The exact origin of dry mouth varies from patient to patient, but here are a few common causes for dry mouth.

  • Side effects of the medicine
    • Certain medications can cause dry mouth as a side effect. Medicine for depression and high blood pressure are amongst some of the prescriptions that cause dry mouth.
  • Infection
    • Certain diseases and infections can affect the amount of saliva produced. HIV/AIDS, diabetes and Parkinson’s disease can all cause dry mouth.
  • Radiation
    • Radiation that occurs during cancer treatment can be a common cause for dry mouth.
  • Nerve damage
    • Damaged nerves that are connected to the salivary glands may produce less saliva and cause dry mouth.


What are the common symptoms of dry mouth?

  • A sticky, dry feeling in the mouth
  • A burning feeling in the  mouth
  • A dry feeling in the throat
  • Cracked lips
  • Mouth sores
  • A dry tongue
  • Trouble chewing, swallowing, tasting or speaking

What can be done about dry mouth?

There are several causes for dry mouth which means there are several treatments as well. If you suffer from dry mouth, contact the Oral & Facial Surgery Institute today to help determine the cause.

  • If your dry mouth is being caused by your medicine, your doctor will be able to help change your prescription or adjust your dosage
  • If your glands are not functioning properly but still producing some saliva, your doctor may give you medicine that will help your salivary glands work more effectively
  • If neither of those options works, your doctor might suggest the usage of artificial saliva


How do you treat dry mouth?

  • Sip water often.
  • Avoid liquids with caffeine, such as tea, coffee, and some sodas. Caffeine is known to dry out the mouth.
  • Don’t drink alcohol or use tobacco.
  • Use a humidifier at night.
  • Chew sugarless gum or suck on sugarless candy to help stimulate saliva flow.